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The Swamp Fox History

Francis Marion

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Francis Marion
Francis Marion 001.jpg
Nickname(s) The Swamp Fox
Born c. 1732
Berkeley County, South Carolina[1]
Died February 27, 1795
(aged c. 63)
Place of burial Belle Isle Plantation Cemetery
Saint Stephen, South Carolina
Allegiance  Great Britain
 United States
Service/branch  British Army
 Continental Army
South Carolina South Carolina Militia
Years of service 1757–1782
Rank Lieutenant colonel,
brigadier general

Francis Marion (c. 1732 – February 27, 1795)[1] was a military officer who served in the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). Acting with the Continental Army and South Carolina militia commissions, he was a persistent adversary of the British in their occupation of South Carolina and Charleston in 1780 and 1781, even after the Continental Army was driven out of the state in the Battle of Camden.

Marion used irregular methods of warfare and is considered one of the fathers of modern guerrilla warfare and maneuver warfare, and is credited in the lineage of the United States Army Rangers and the other American military Special Forces such as the "Green Berets". He was known as The Swamp Fox.

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